Everyday Toxicology Pennsylvania Standards

The following Pennsylvania Standards have been addressed by the curriculum in this module.

Academic Standards for Science and Technology and Engineering Education 

Science as Inquiry

Grades 8-10

  • Know that both direct and indirect observations are used by scientists to study the natural world and universe.
  • Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations.
  • Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence.

Grades 11-12

  • Evaluate experimental information for relevance and adherence to science processes.
  • Judge that conclusions are consistent and logical with experimental conditions.
  • Interpret results of experimental research to predict new information, propose additional investigable questions, or advance a solution.
  • Communicate and defend a scientific argument.

3.1 Biological Sciences

  • 3.1.C.A2 Explain the chemistry of metabolism.
  • 3.1.10.A2 Explain cell processes in terms of chemical reactions and energy changes.
  • 3.1.B.A2 Explain the importance of enzymes as catalysts in cell reactions.
  • 3.1.12.A6 Analyze how cells in different tissues/organs are specialized to perform specific functions.
  • 3.1.10.A7 Describe the relationship between the structure of organic molecules and the function they serve in living organisms.
  • 3.1.10.A7 Explain how cells store and use information to guide their functions.
  • 3.1.10.B1 Describe how genetic information is inherited and expressed.
  • 3.1.B.B1 Explain that the information passed from parents to offspring is transmitted by means of genes which are coded in DNA molecules. 
  • 3.1.B.B1 Explain the basic process of DNA replication.
  • 3.1.B.B1 Explain how mutations can alter genetic information and the possible consequences on resultant cells.
  • 3.1.12.B Explain gene inheritance and expression at the molecular level.
  • 3.1.10.B2 Compare and contrast the function of mitosis and meiosis.
  • 3.1.10.B3 Describe the basic structure of DNA and its function in genetic inheritance.
  • 3.1.B.B3 Explain how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and conservation of the genetic code.
  • 3.1.12.B3 Explain the impact of environmental factors on gene expression.
  • 3.1.B.B5 SCALE Demonstrate how inherited characteristics can be observed at the molecular, cellular, and organism levels.
  • 3.1.B.C2 Describe how mutations in sex cells may be passed on to successive generations and that the resulting phenotype may help, harm, or have little or no effect on the offspring's success in its environment.
  • 3.1.C.C2 Use molecular models to demonstrate gene mutation and recombination at the molecular level.


3.4 Technology and Engineering Education

  • 3.4.10.A1 Illustrate how the development of technologies is often driven by profit and an economic market.
  • 3.4.10.A3 Examine how technology transfer occurs when a new user applies an existing innovation developed for one purpose in a different function.
  • 3.4.12.B1 Analyze ethical, social, economic, and cultural considerations as related to the development, selection, and use of technologies.
  • 3.4.12.B2 Illustrate how, with the aid of technology, various aspects of the environment can be monitored to provide information for decision making.


Academic Standards for Mathematics

2.1 Numbers, Number Systems and Number Relationships

  • 2.1.8.C, 2.1.A1.C, 2.1.G.C Use ratio and proportion to model relationships between quantities.
  • 2.1.A2.F, 2.1.11.F Understand the concepts of exponential and logarithmic forms and use the inverse relationships between exponential and logarithmic expression to determine unknown quantities in equations.

2.5 Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication

  • 2.5.11.B Use symbols, mathematical terminology, standard notation, mathematical rules, graphing and other types of mathematical representations to communicate observations, predictions, concepts, procedures, generalizations, ideas, and results.

2.6 Statistics and Data Analysis

  • 2.6.11.E Make predictions based on lines of best fit or draw conclusions on the value of a variable in a population based on the results of a sample.


Academic Standards for Environment and Ecology

4.5 Humans and the Environment

  • 4.5.10.C Analyze real-world data and explain how point and non-point source pollution can be detected and eliminated.
    • Compare and contrast the environmental effects of different industrial strategies.
  • 4.5.10.E Describe the impact of occupational exposure to pollutants.
    • Analyze laws and regulations designed to protect human health.
    • Analyze efforts to prevent, control, and/or reduce pollution through cost and benefit analysis and risk management.

Everyday Toxicology Lesson Plans