Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, Ph.D., MPH

Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, Ph.D., MPH

  • Director, Animal Diagnostic Laboratory
  • Professor, Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
  • Coordinator, One Health Minor
Animal Diagnostic Lab, Wiley Lane
University Park, PA 16802

Areas of Expertise

  • Diagnostic Microbiology
  • Veterinary Public Health
  • Food Safety
  • Epidemiology
  • New and Emerging Infectious Diseases

Education

  • MPH, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1994
  • PhD, Veterinary Public Health, Univ. of Vet. Sci., Budapest, Hungary, 1990
  • MVSc, Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai, India, 1982
  • BVSc, Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai, India, 1980

Professional Experience

2010-Present: Director, Pennsylvania Animal Diagnostic Laboratory, Penn State.

2008-2009: Federation of Animal Science Societies/Advancing Science, Serving Society (FASS/AAAS) Congressional Science Fellow, U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Energy and Commerce, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation.

2006-Present: Professor, Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences (VBS), Penn State.

2002- 2006: Associate Professor/Extension Veterinarian, VBS, Penn State.

1998-2002: Assistant Professor/Extension Veterinarian, VBS, Penn State.

1995–1998: Assistant Professor, Dairy Science Department, South Dakota State University.

1991–1995: Research Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, The University of Tennessee.

1989-1991: Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Animal Science, The University of Tennessee.

1986-1989: PhD Fellow, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.

1982-1986: Assistant Professor of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Bombay, India.

1980-1986: Veterinarian, Veterinary Clinic, Bandra, Bombay, India. 

Teaching Experience

Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases (VB SC 444) 

Honors and Awards

2008: Pennsylvania State Cooperative Extension Director’s Leadership award.

2007-2012: Elected Member, Council for Veterinary Public Health and Regulatory Affairs, American Veterinary Medical Association.

2007-2009: Section Editor (Physiology and Management),Journal of Dairy Science.

2006-2007: Panel Manager, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Integrated Food Safety Initiative.

2002: American Dairy Science Association West Agro Award for outstanding research towards the abatement of mastitis.

1985-1989: Indian Council for Agricultural Research Fellowship for Doctoral Studies in Hungary.

1980 -1982: Indian Council of Agricultural Research Fellowship in Veterinary Public Health.

1980: Bombay Veterinary College. BVSc & AH, University Gold Medalist.       

Selected Publications 

Fenton, G. D., Brasier, K. J., Henning, G. F., Radhakrishna, R. B., and Jayarao, B. M. A Survey of selected occupational health characteristics of women working on dairy farms in Pennsylvania. J Agromedicine 15(1):7-15, 2010.

Fenton, G. D., Brasier, K. J., Henning, G. F., Radhakrishna, R. B., and Jayarao, B. M. Occupational health-related behaviors and habits of women working on dairy farms in Pennsylvania. J Agromedicine 15(1):16-23, 2010. 

Elmoslemany, A. M., Keefe, G. P., Dohoo, I. R., and Jayarao, B. M. Risk factors for bacteriological quality of bulk tank milk in Prince Edward Island dairy herds. Part 1: overall risk factors. J Dairy Sci 92:2634-43, 2009.

Elmoslemany, A. M., Keefe, G. P., Dohoo, I. R., and Jayarao, B. M. Risk factors for bacteriological quality of bulk tank milk in Prince Edward Island dairy herds. Part 2: bacteria count-specific risk factors. J Dairy Sci 92:2644-52, 2009.

DebRoy, C., Roberts, E., Scheuchenzuber, W., Kariyawasam, S., and Jayarao, B. M. Comparison of genotypes of Escherichia coli strains carrying F18ab and F18ac fimbriae from pigs. J Vet Diagn Invest 21:359-64, 2009.

Debroy, C., Sidhu, M. S., Sarker, U., Jayarao, B. M., Stell, A. L., Bell, N. P., and Johnson, T. J. Complete sequence of pEC14_114, a highly conserved IncFIB/FIIA plasmid associated with uropathogenic Escherichia coli cystitis strains. Plasmid 63(1):53-60, 2009.

Brooks, J. W., and Jayarao, B. M. Management practices used by white-tailed deer farms in Pennsylvania and herd health problems. J Am Vet Med Assoc 232:98-104, 2008.

Compton, J. A., Baney, J. A., Donaldson, S. C., Houser, B. A., San Julian, G. J., Yahner, R. H., Chmielecki, W., Reynolds, S., and Jayarao, B. M. Salmonella infections in the common raccoon (Procyon lotor) in western Pennsylvania. J Clin Microbiol 46:3084-6, 2008.

DebRoy, C., Roberts, E., Jayarao, B. M., and Brooks, J. W. Bronchopneumonia associated with extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli in a horse. J Vet Diagn Invest 20:661-4, 2008.

Van Kessel, J. S., Karns, J. S., Wolfgang, D. R., Hovingh, E., Jayarao, B. M., Van Tassell, C. P., and Schukken, Y. H. Environmental sampling to predict fecal prevalence of Salmonella in an intensively monitored dairy herd. J Food Prot 71:1967-73, 2008.

Gurjar, A. A., Hegde, N. V., Love, B. C., and Jayarao, B. M. Real-time multiplex PCR assay for rapid detection and toxintyping of Clostridium perfringens toxin producing strains in feces of dairy cattle. Mol Cell Probes 22:90-5, 2008.

Houser, B. A., Donaldson, S. C., Kehoe, S. I., Heinrichs, A. J. and Jayarao, B. M. A survey of bacteriological quality and the occurrence of Salmonella in raw bovine colostrum. Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:853-8, 2008.

Houser, B. A., Donaldson, S. C., Padte, R., Sawant, A. A., DebRoy, C., and Jayarao, B. M. Assessment of phenotypic and genotypic diversity of Escherichia coli shed by healthy lactating dairy cattle. Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:41-51, 2008.

Gurjar, A. A., Yennawar, N. H., Yennawar, H. P., Rajashankar, K. R., Hegde, N. V., and Jayarao, B. M. Expression, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of recombinant Clostridium perfringens beta 2-toxin. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun 63:484-7, 2007. 

Sawant, A. A., Hegde, N. V., Straley, B. A., Donaldson, S. C., Love, B. C., Knabel, S. J., and Jayarao, B. M.. Antimicrobial-resistant enteric bacteria from dairy cattle. Appl Environ Microbiol 73:156-63, 2007. 

Kehoe, S. I., Jayarao, B. M., and Heinrichs, A. J. A survey of bovine colostrum composition and colostrum management practices on Pennsylvania dairy farms. J Dairy Sci 90:4108-16, 2007.

Donaldson, S. C., Straley, B. A., Hegde, N. V., Sawant, A. A., DebRoy, C., and Jayarao, B. M. Molecular epidemiology of ceftiofur-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from dairy calves. Appl Environ Microbiol 72:3940-8, 2006.

Straley, B. A., Donaldson, S. C., Hedge, N. V., Sawant, A. A., Srinivasan, V., Oliver, S. P. and Jayarao, B. M. 2006. Public health significance of antimicrobial-resistant gram-negative bacteria in raw bulk tank milk. Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:222-33, 2006.

Jayarao, B. M., Donaldson, S. C., Straley, A., Sawant, A. A., Hegde, N. V., and Brown, J. L. A survey of foodborne pathogens in bulk tank milk and raw milk consumption among farm families in Pennsylvania. J Dairy Sci 89:2451-8, 2006.

Hegde, N. V., Cook, M. L., Wolfgang, D. R., Love, B. C., Maddox, C. C., and Jayarao, B. M. Dissemination of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Serovar Typhimurium var. Copenhagen clonal types through a contract heifer-raising operation. J Clin Microbiol 43:4208-11, 2005.

Oliver, S. P., Jayarao, B. M., and Almeida, R. A. Foodborne pathogens in milk and the dairy farm environment: food safety and public health implications. Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:115-29, 2005.

Sawant, A. A., Sordillo, L. M., and Jayarao, B. M. A survey on antibiotic usage in dairy herds in Pennsylvania. J Dairy Sci 88:2991-99, 2005.

Memberships

  • American Veterinary Medical Association
  • Pennsylvania Veterinary Medical Association
  • American Society for Microbiology
  • National Mastitis Council
  • American Dairy Science Association

Publications

NLRC5 Serves as a Pro-viral Factor During Influenza Virus Infection in Chicken Macrophages.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, Chothe, S, Nissly, R, Lim, L, Bhushan, G, Bird, I, Radzio-Basu, J, Jayarao, Bhushan, Kuchipudi, Suresh, 2020

Assessment of a commercially available serum pregnancy-specific protein B test in free-ranging elk (Cervus canadensis) in Pennsylvania, USA
Journal of wildlife diseases, Seixas, Julia Silva, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Banfield, Jeremiah E., Johnson, Joshua B., Brown, Justin D., 2019

Detection of CTX-M-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase among ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella enterica clinical isolates of poultry
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Denagamage, Thomas N., Wallner-Pendleton, Eva A., Jayarao, Bhushan M., Xiaoli, Lingzi, Dudley, Edward G., Wolfgang, David, Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, 2019

A probe-based real-time PCR assay for the detection of Neospora caninum in clinical samples from cattle
Veterinary Parasitology, Barry, Rhiannon, Nissly, Ruth H., Feria, Willard, Thirumalapura, Nagaraja, Tewari, Deepanker, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2019

Complete genome sequences of 20 nontyphoidal Salmonella isolates from Rwanda
Microbiology Resource Announcements, Byukusenge, Maurice, Li, Lingling, Uwanyirigira, Mediatrice, Vepachedu, Venkata R., Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, Nzayirambaho, Manassé, Kuchipudi, Suresh V., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2019

Cross Sectional Study and Risk Factors Analysis of Francisella tularensis in Soil Samples in Punjab Province of Pakistan
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, Muhammad, Javed, Rabbani, Masood, Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair, Muhammad, Khushi, Ghori, Muhammad Taslim, Chaudhry, Haroon Rashid, Hassnain, Zia Ul, Jamil, Tariq, Abbas, Tariq, Chaudhry, Muhammad Hamid, Haisem-Ur-Rasool, Muhammad, Ali, Muhammad Asad, Nisar, Muhammad, Kirimanjeswara, Girish S., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2019

Whole-genome sequence analysis reveals unique SNP profiles to distinguish vaccine and wild-type strains of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1)
Virology, Chothe, Shubhada K., Sebastian, Aswathy, Thomas, Asha, Nissly, Ruth H., Wolfgang, David, Byukusenge, Maurice, Mor, Sunil Kumar, Goyal, Sagar M., Albert, Istvan, Tewari, Deepanker, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2018

Complete genome sequences of three related avian avulavirus 1 isolates from poultry farmers in Pakistan
Genome Announcements, Zubair Shabbir, M., Nissly, Ruth Helmus, Ahad, Abdul, Rabbani, Masood, Chothe, Shubhada K., Sebastian, Aswathy, Albert, Istvan, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2018

Whole-genome sequences of 18 bovine alphaherpesvirus 1 field isolates from Pennsylvania and Minnesota
Genome Announcements, Chothe, Shubhada K., Sebastian, Aswathy, Thomas, Asha, Nissly, Ruth, Byukusenge, Maurice, Wolfgang, David, Mor, Sunil Kumar, Goyal, Sagar, Albert, Istvan, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2018

Whole-genome sequence of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus isolated from farmed brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in Pennsylvania
Genome Announcements, Palchak, Kay, Chothe, Shubhada K., Sebastian, Aswathy, Nissly, Ruth H., Barry, Rhiannon, Albert, Istvan, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2018

Seroprevalence and risk factors of glanders in working equines – Findings of a cross-sectional study in Punjab province of Pakistan
Acta Tropica, Ghori, Muhammad Taslim, Khan, Muhammad Sarwar, Khan, Jawaria Ali, Rabbani, Masood, Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair, Chaudhry, Haroon Rashid, Ali, Muhammad Asad, Muhammad, Javed, Elschner, Mandy Carolina, Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2017

An immuno-chromatographic lateral flow assay (LFA) for rapid on-the-farm detection of classical swine fever virus (CSFV)
Archives of Virology, Sambandam, Rathnapraba, Angamuthu, Raja, Kanagaraj, Vijayarani, Kathaperumal, Kumanan, Chothe, Shubhada K., Nissly, Ruth H., Barry, Rhiannon M., Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2017

A Retrospective Study of Salmonella Enteritidis Isolated from Commercial Layer Flocks
Avian diseases, Denagamage, Thomas N., Jayarao, Bhushan M., Wallner-Pendleton, Eva A., Patterson, Paul H., Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, 2017

Comparative diagnostic efficacy of recombinant LLO and PI-PLC-based ELISAs for detection of listeriosis in animals
Journal of Microbiological Methods, Suryawanshi, Rahul D., Malik, Satya Veer Singh, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Chaudhari, Sandeep P., Savage, Emily, Vergis, Jess, Kurkure, Nitin V., Barbuddhe, Sukhadeo B., Rawool, Deepak B., 2017

Evaluation of Three Bacterial Identification Systems for Species Identification of Bacteria Isolated from Bovine Mastitis and Bulk Tank Milk Samples.
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Savage, E, Chothe, S, Lintner, V, Pierre, T, Matthews, T, Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, Miller, Douglas, Tewari, D, Jayarao, Bhushan, 2017

Lipopolysacharide gene based development and optimization of diagnostics for francisella tularensis
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, Muhammad, J., Rabbani, M., Muhammad, K., Wasim, M., Dewan, K., Anjum, A. A., Sheikh, A. A., Ahmad, A., Akhtar, F., Nisar, M., Jayarao, B. M., Kirimanjeswara, G. S., 2017

Co-expression of sialic acid receptors compatible with avian and human influenza virus binding in emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae)
Virology, Gujjar, Naveen, Chothe, Shubhada K., Gawai, Shashikant, Nissly, Ruth, Bhushan, Gitanjali, Kanagaraj, Vijayarani, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kathaperumal, Kumanan, Subbiah, Madhuri, Kuchipudi, Suresh Varma, 2017

Evidence of Coxiella burnetii in Punjab province, Pakistan
Acta Tropica, Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair, Akram, Sidra, Hassan, Zia ul, Hanif, Kashif, Rabbani, Masood, Muhammad, Javed, Chaudhary, Muhammad Hamid, Abbas, Tariq, Ghori, Muhammad Taslim, Rashid, Haroon, Jamil, Tariq, Islam, Zia ul, Rasool, Haisem, Bano, Asghari, Ahmad, Arfan, Ali, Muhammad Asad, Yaqub, Tahir, McVey, Jr., Walter Roland, Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2016

Growth in egg yolk enhances salmonella enteritidis colonization and virulence in a mouse model of human colitis
PloS one, Moreau, Matthew R., Wijetunge, Dona Saumya S., Bailey, Megan L., Gongati, Sudharsan R., Goodfield, Laura L., Hewage, Eranda Mangala K.Kurundu, Kennett, Mary J., Fedorchuk, Christine, Ivanov, Yury V., Linder, Jessica E., Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, 2016

Characterization of a multidrug resistant C. difficile meat isolate
International journal of food microbiology, Mooyottu, Shankumar, Flock, Genevieve, Kollanoor-Johny, Anup, Upadhyaya, Indu, Jayarao, Bhushan, Venkitanarayanan, Kumar, 2015

Prevalence and distribution of soil-borne zoonotic pathogens in Lahore district of Pakistan
Frontiers in Microbiology, Shabbir, Muhammad Z., Jamil, Tariq, Ali, Asad A., Ahmad, Arfan, Naeem, Muhammad, Chaudhary, Muhammad H., Bilal, Muhammad, Ali, Muhammad A., Muhammad, Khushi, Yaqub, Tahir, Bano, Asghari, Mirza, Ali I., Shabbir, Muhammad A.B., McVey, Walter R., Patel, Ketan, Francesconi, Stephen, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Rabbani, Masood, 2015

Genome sequences of two strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis isolated from shell eggs
Genome Announcements, Moreau, Matthew R., Wijetunge, Dona Saumya S., Hewage, Eranda Mangala K.Kurundu, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, 2015

Characterization of clostridium difficile isolates from human fecal samples and retail meat from Pennsylvania
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Varshney, Jyotika B., Very, Katherine J., Williams, Jen L., Hegarty, John P., Stewart, David, Lumadue, Jeanne Ann, Venkitanarayanan, Kumar, Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2014

Multi-virulence-locus sequence typing of 4b listeria monocytogenes isolates obtained from different sources in india over a 10-year period
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Doijad, Swapnil, Lomonaco, Sara, Poharkar, Krupali, Garg, Sandeep, Knabel, Stephen, Barbuddhe, Sukhadeo, Jayarao, Bhushan, 2014

Characterization of Fusobacterium isolates from the respiratory tract of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Brooks, Jason W., Kumar, Amit, Narayanan, Sanjeev, Myers, Suzanne, Brown, Kayla, Nagaraja, T. G., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2014

Simultaneous sparsity model for histopathological image representation and classification
IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Srinivas, Umamahesh, Mousavi, Hojjat Seyed, Monga, Vishal, Hattel, Arthur, Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2014

Presence of viral and bacterial organisms in milk and their association with somatic cell counts
Journal of dairy science, Herlekar, D. A., Shashikant, Cooduvalli S., Gurjar, A. A., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2013

White Button mushrooms increase microbialdiversity and accelerate the resolution of Citrobacter rodentium infection in mice
Journal of Nutrition, Varshney, Jyotika, Ooi, Jot Hui, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Albert, Istvan, Fisher, Jenny, Smith, Rhonda L., Patterson, Andrew D., Cantorna, Margherita T., 2013

Detection of the top six non-O157 shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli o groups by ELISA
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Hegde, Narasimha V., Cote, Rebecca, Jayarao, Bhushan M., Muldoon, Mark, Lindpaintner, Klaus, Kapur, Vivek, Debroy, Chitrita, 2012

Prevalence of salmonella cerro in laboratory-based submissions of cattle and comparison with human infections in Pennsylvania, 2005-2010
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Tewari, Deepanker, Sandt, Carol H., Miller, Dawn M., Jayarao, Bhushan M., M'ikanatha, Nkuchia M., 2012

Rapid detection of the top six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O groups in ground beef by flow cytometry
Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Hegde, Narasimha V., Jayarao, Bhushan M., Debroy, Chitrita, 2012

Prevalence of clostridium difficile toxin genes in the feces of veal calves and incidence of ground veal contamination
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Houser, Beth A., Soehnlen, Marty K., Wolfgang, David R., Lysczek, Hannah R., Burns, Carol M., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2012

Epidemiology of Mycoplasma bovis in Pennsylvania veal calves
Journal of dairy science, Soehnlen, M. K., Aydin, A., Murthy, K. S., Lengerich, Eugene, Hattel, A. L., Houser, B. A., Fenton, G. D., Lysczek, H. R., Burns, C. M., Townsend, A. M., Brooks, Jason William, Wolfgang, D. R., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2012

Blinded, controlled field trial of two commercially available Mycoplasma bovis bacterin vaccines in veal calves.
Vaccine, Soehnlen, M, Aydin, A, Lengerich, Eugene, Houser, B, Fenton, G, Lysczek, H, Burns, C, Byler, L, Hattel, Arthur, Wolfgang, David, Jayarao, Bhushan, 2011

In vitro antimicrobial inhibition of mycoplasma bovis isolates submitted to the pennsylvania animal diagnostic laboratory using flow cytometry and a broth microdilution method
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Soehnlen, Marty K., Kunze, M. Elaine, Karunathilake, K. Eranda, Henwood, Brittnee M., Kariyawasam, Subhashinie, Wolfgang, David R., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2011

Molecular epidemiological analysis of Mycoplasma bovis isolates from the Pennsylvania Animal Diagnostic Laboratory showing genetic diversity
Journal of dairy science, Soehnlen, M. K., Kariyawasam, S., Lumadue, Jeanne Ann, Pierre, T. A., Wolfgang, D. R., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2011

Identification of novel small molecule antimicrobials targeting Mycoplasma bovis
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Soehnlen, Marty K., Tran, Melissa A., Lysczek, Hannah R., Wolfgang, David R., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2011

Impact of antibiotic use in adult dairy cows on antimicrobial resistance of veterinary and human pathogens: a comprehensive review.
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Oliver, S, Murinda, S, Jayarao, Bhushan, 2011

Association of bacteria with hydrocephalus in Ugandan infants
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Li, Lingling, Padhi, Abinash, Ranjeva, Sylvia L., Donaldson, Sarah C., Warf, Benjamin C., Mugamba, John, Johnson, Derek, Opio, Zephania, Jayarao, Bhushan, Kapur, Vivek, Poss, Mary, Schiff, Steven J., 2011

Biofilm in milking equipment on a dairy farm as a potential source of bulk tank milk contamination with Listeria monocytogenes
Journal of dairy science, Latorre, A. A., Van Kessel, J. S., Karns, J. S., Zurakowski, M. J., Pradhan, A. K., Boor, K. J., Jayarao, Bhushan M., Houser, B. A., Daugherty, C. S., Schukken, Y. H., 2010

Real-time multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay for rapid detection of Clostridium difficile toxin-encoding strains.
Foodborne pathogens and disease, Houser, B, Hattel, Arthur, Jayarao, Bhushan, 2010

Effect of heat treatment of bovine colostrum on bacterial counts, viscosity, and immunoglobulin G concentration
Journal of Dairy Science, Elizondo-Salazar, J. A., Jayarao, B. M., Heinrichs, A. J., 2010

Occupational health behaviors and habits of women on dairy farms in Pennsylvania
Journal of Agromedicine, Fenton, Ginger D., Brasier, Kathryn J., Henning, George F., Radhakrishna, Rama B., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2010

Occupational health characteristics of women on dairy farms in Pennsylvania
Journal of Agromedicine, Fenton, Ginger D., Brasier, Kathryn Jo, Henning, George, Radhakrishna, Rama B., Jayarao, Bhushan M., 2010

Complete sequence of pEC14_114, a highly conserved IncFIB/FIIA plasmid associated with uropathogenic Escherichia coli cystitis strains.
Plasmid, DebRoy, Chitrita, Sidhu, M, Sarker, U, Jayarao, Bhushan, Stell, A, Bell, N, Johnson, Tracy, 2010